Bermuda SPCA Please call 236-7333 or if it is an Emergency: 737-1108, 32 Valley Road, Paget PG 05

Pet Care and Behaviour

Guinea Pigs

Also known as a cavy

Weight up to 2lbs

Cost per year 600-700

Great pet for older children who have learned proper handling techniques.
Fun Fact: A happy Guinea Pig will jump straight up in the air. This is called popcorning.



  • Guinea pig pellets are the basis of your pet’s diet.  They eat about 1/8 of a cup daily. Avoid pellets with nuts, seeds, and dried fruit. And corn products
  • Unlimited supply of Grass, Hay and clean water must be available all the time.
  • ½ handful of veggies and one slice of fruit is plenty
  • Recommend green leafy vegetables, green pepper, peas apple blue berries oranges and grapes
  • Avoid Iceberg lettuce, potatoes, cabbage, broccoli
  • Guinea pigs cannot manufacture vitamin C so they need to get it in their diet daily and this comes from the green veggies and the fruit

Cage and environment

  • Guinea pigs are social and females tend to get along well together. 
  • It is not recommended to have males and females together as they multiply rapidly. Males can be neutered.
  • They require a minimum of 4 square feet per guinea pig. They need a cage with a solid bottom and a wire cover.
  • Best to keep them indoors.
  • Line the bottom of their cage with bedding. Do not use cedar or pine as it may be dangerous to your pet.
  • They also require a cave for resting and sleeping

Behavior and handling

  • Guinea pigs rarely bite but can nip when threatened or mishandled
  • Guinea pigs are very vocal and you will soon recognize the specific sound they use to greet you when you enter the room
  • When you pick up a guinea pig you should have one hand over her back behind her front legs while the other hand supports the bottom

Exercise and toys

  • Once the guinea pig is used to being handled, allow her to play in an emclosed area for additional exercise. The pig must be supervised at all times as they like to chew on anything and everything including electrical cords.
  • Providing cardboard boxes and paper tubes in the cage serve as great guinea pig toys.
  • You can also bring in branches from trees that have not been sprayed.
  • Guinea pigs need acceptable things to chew on the help wear down their teeth. Their teeth will continually grow otherwise.

Daily Care

  • Remove soiled bedding, droppings and stale food from the cage daily
  • Scrub the cage with warm water and mild soap weekly. Dry well before adding bedding
  • Guinea pigs should be brushed regularly the keep hair clean and  remove loose hair

Signs of illness

  • Your guinea Pig should get annual visits to the vet
  • Common signs of an illness are; sneezing, crusty eyes, dirty ears, severe diarrhea, hair loss, weight loss, bloody or gritty urine. Change in behavior is a good sign that something may be going on. Take your guinea pig to the vet immediately.


  • Solid Bottom cage with wire cover
  • Guinea Pig Pellets
  • Cage Bedding (Hardwood shavings, timothy hay or processed paper products)
  • Small, heavy food dish
  • Grass Hay
  • Bricks, rocks, cardboard, plastic pipes and other safe toys
  • Covered sleeping box
  • Brush or comb
  • Attachable water bottle with drinking tube
  • Safe chew toy (unpainted and untreated)
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