Bermuda SPCA Please call 236-7333 or if it is an Emergency: 737-1108, 32 Valley Road, Paget PG 05

The Five Freedoms

Most animal welfare organisations worldwide including the Bermuda SPCA believe that anyone responsible for looking after animals should be able to provide the five freedoms for their animal(s) as follows:

  1. Freedom from Hunger and Thirst - by ready access to fresh water and a diet to maintain full health and vigour.
  2. Freedom from Discomfort - by providing an appropriate environment including shelter and a comfortable resting area.
  3. Freedom from Pain, Injury or Disease - by prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment.
  4. Freedom to Express Normal Behaviour - by providing sufficient space, proper facilities and company of the animal's own kind.
  5. Freedom from Fear and Distress - by ensuring conditions and treatment which avoid mental suffering.

The idea that the welfare of all animals (including birds and reptiles) could be safeguarded by ensuring they had the 5 Freedoms originated in 1979 when the Farm Animal Welfare Council (FAWC) in the UK started looking into minimum standards for farm livestock. This has subsequently been adopted by all the major animal welfare organisations worldwide as well as the OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health).  See our links area to read more about the OIE.

Download a sample Animal Welfare Assessment form here Animal Welfare Assessment form.pdf and see how you can check for the ‘5 Freedoms’. For advice and more information on animal welfare in Bermuda and worldwide contact the SPCA Inspector on  236-7333 ext 204 or e-mail This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

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